How to Make Toilet Paper Roll Seed Starter Pots

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In this post, I’ll show you how to make toilet paper roll seed starter pots. There are four different ways to do this and they are all super easy and fun. The pots are biodegradable and so at transplanting time you don’t need to remove the seedling from the pot.


A couple of years ago I came up with the idea of creating a kid-friendly vegetable garden. I wanted to create a space where my kids can go wild and dig and experiment with growing food without messing up the “real garden”.

I wanted the kids to be involved in the whole process from planning to harvesting and I was looking for a fun way for us to start seeds indoors, something a bit more creative than filling a 72 cell flat with soil, and came up with the toilet paper method.

How to Make Toilet Paper Roll Seed Starter Pots…

Toilet paper rolls are biodegradable and are a great material to make seed starting pots. In this post, you'll see four different ways to use them to start seeds indoors.

It was a fun project back then. I didn’t expect too much of it but I was surprised to see how simple it was to make the pots and how easy it was to transplant the seedlings to the garden.

Benefits of Toilet Paper Roll Seed Starter Pots…

Save money – seed starting equipment isn’t cheap! Even though you can use it year after year, it’s still an investment. If you are growing on a smaller scale, and you start seeds indoors, this is a great way to save some money on seed starting equipment, assuming that you use toilet paper…

Grow healthy seedlings – these rolls hold a nice amount of soil so you can grow your seeds to good-size strong little plants before transplanting them to the garden. They have more than enough room to develop.

Biodegradable – toilet paper rolls are biodegradable. I think that this is my favorite benefit! You don’t have to take your young plant out of the pot to transplant it, you just plant the whole thing in your garden and with time the roll will decompose.

Option to start seeds that we usually direct seed – since we don’t have to remove the plant, we can try to start seeds that we usually direct seed in the garden, like beans or peas, for example. These plants don’t like to be transplanted, but since we don’t have to remove them from the pot, they do very well in toilet paper rolls.

4 Ways to Use Toilet Paper Rolls For Seed Starting…

There are 4 different ways to use toilet paper rolls as seed starting pots. They are all very simple ways. You can use whichever way you like or whichever way is right for the seeds that you are starting.

Method 1 – Tall Roll, No Bottom…

Toilet paper rolls.

Collect your rolls…

Organizing the rolls in a plastic bin.

Take a plastic bin (I used the basic 6 qt bin you would use inside the house to organize stuff) and place the rolls in it tight together. Fill the rolls with seed starting soil (we will go over that part soon) and plant your seeds in the center of each roll.

You can start seeds like corn and beans and peas this way. They are larger seeds that usually are direct seeded, but since the roll holds a nice amount of soil and you don’t have to remove the plant from it when transplanting, those seeds will do good in the tall roll.

Method 2 – Short Roll, No Bottom…

Seed starting leak-proof tray.

The next method is similar but instead of using the whole roll, you use half the roll. Many crops like lettuce, for example, don’t need so much soil when started indoors, so instead of using the whole roll, we can simply just use half.

It’s easy to use the regular seed starting leak-proof trays for this…

Cutting the roll in half.

Cut each roll in half…

Placing the half rolls in a tray.

And placed the rolls in the tray. I could fit about 80 half rolls in this tray. Then I filled the rolls with soil and planted my seeds.

Method 3 – Tall Roll With a Bottom…

Tall toilet paper roll with bottom.

The third method is to use the whole roll but close it at the bottom, this will help to keep the soil around the roots when lifting the roll to transplant. I show you how to close it below…

Method 4 – Short Roll With a Bottom…

Small roll with closed bottom.

And the fourth way to do it is to use half a roll and close the bottom. This is what I ended up doing because this little pot holds enough soil to start most seeds.

Toilet paper roll.

Grab a roll…

Cutting a toilet paper roll in half.

Cut it in half (or don’t if you chose to go with method 3)…

Making four cuts in the bottom of the half roll.

Make two half an inch cuts across from each other on the bottom of the roll…

A view at the cut roll.

Then one cut in the center of each of the halves you created. So basically, we divided the bottom of the roll into four equal parts.

Folding the bottom.

Start by folding the first section in…

Folding the bottom of the roll.

Over the second section…

Folding the bottom.

Then the third section goes over the first while one corner of the last section goes under the second section and the other corner above the third.

The bottom of the roll is folded.

It holds nice together but if you can find a biodegradable tape to use on the bottom it would be even better.

A toilet paper roll ready for planting.

Organize all of your pots on the tray or whatever container you plan to use, fill with soil and plant your seeds.

How to Start Seeds in Toilet Paper Rolls…

Seed starting soil.

To fill the paper rolls I use an organic seed starting soil that I buy at a local plant nursery and mix it with some worm castings that I get from Amazon. Mix the soil and castings in a large mixing bowl…

Adding water to the seed starting soil.

And add a little bit of water to make the mixture wet.

Filling the rolls with seed starting soil.

Fill the pots with the soil mix…

Planting seeds in the center.

And plant your seeds in the center.

Adding more soil over the seeds.

Lastly, cover them with some more soil and tap it down. From here, the trays should be placed in a greenhouse or on the seed starting shelves under the grow lights. Keep a close eye on them, make sure to water them, and when they are ready transplant them to the garden

Seeds germinate in a toilet paper roll.

I love to re-purpose stuff and I love even more when these re-purposing projects actually save me time and make my life easier. Starting seeds in toilet paper rolls is really a win-win. They are easy to handle, a perfect size, free, and make transplanting really easy which is a huge job for every gardener. 


I’ve been doing this for a few years. I usually start collecting my toilet paper rolls around December and by Feb I have enough. I don’t plant only in rolls, I also use plug flats from Johnny’s Selected Seeds, but I still always have a few trays of toilet paper pots. They save me some money and they are fun and easy.

More gardening content for you…

How to Plan a Garden in 7 Easy Steps

How to Create a Planting Schedule For a Vegetable Garden

How to Start a Raised Garden Over Grass

Easy Garden Preparation, the No-Till Way

The Garden Workbook is Here!

In part one of this book, we’ll go over how to set up and grow your best garden yet.

Part two consists of 16 garden printables to help you plan, record, and manage your garden properly!

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17 thoughts on “How to Make Toilet Paper Roll Seed Starter Pots”

  1. Sheri Cline - Zone 8b-Washington State

    I’ve been saving toilet paper rolls and the big heavy weight Plotter paper rolls for when I direct seed into the garden. I’ll have to use a chop saw to cut the Plotter rolls but the idea is to keep cutworms and other bugs from my seedlings. I’ve seen copper bands put on the outside to keep out slugs & snails and petroleum jelly applied to the rims to deter bugs from crawling over the rims. I’ve got a pretty good system down with my planting mounds, prepare the soil mounds and water the area well. Take a gallon milk container (mini greenhouse) with the bottom cut out and template the planting mound with it, pull some of the soil from around the template mark, lift the milk jug and insert the paper planting band(s), plant the seeds in the bands and cover with the milk jug. A hole is put in the milk jug cap and you run a bamboo stick into it and down into the milk jug and into the soil. You can close the cap to conserve heat but don’t let them over heat. This secures the jug from wind. I then back fill the milk jug to secure it and keep bugs out. The soil is moist enough that I don’t need to water and if I do I can make a water trough on the outside. I then sprinkle DE around the jug. Works like a charm!

    1. Oh wow, Sheri, that sounds like a good system. I definitely need some help in the keeping-the-bugs-away department. I might try this.

  2. Hi Lee,
    It’s a good idea and a nice project. I am inspired to go out and create in my garden. Thanks so much for sharing them!

  3. ….and a fourth way is to take either the full rolls or the half toilet paper rolls and do exactly what you described BUT put them in a biodegradable, cardboard, shallow box. This way, not only are the toilet paper rolls able to be planted, but the entire ‘tray’ can be planted!

  4. Hi Flower 🙂
    I have only seen a small sample of your page today (https://ladyleeshome.com/ ) and i can honestly say
    you are brilliant !
    and
    your kids are super cute 🙂
    ( and I thought i was the only one in the world that uses toilet roll cardboard inserts for his seeds LOL )
    ( I have a piece of your country in my garden …. a Oasis greenhouse made in a Kibbutz. …poss 30y old ? 🙂

    Please keep up the good work and I look forward to reading your stuff 🙂

    byeeeeeeeeee 🙂

  5. I decided to try and start seeds inside for the first time. Do you have to have the seedlings under a lamp or could they just sit by a window?

    1. It’s 100% better if you start seeds under lights. It can be done on a windowsill as long as it gets at least 8 hours of good sunlight a day but the results are not as consistent as when you have the proper grow light set up.
      For me, it a lot of work to start seeds indoors and I prefer taking the time and investing a little bit in setting up the right grow light selves than using the window. Did you see my simple shelves? They took a bit of work and a little investment but I’ve been using them since 2015 and I love them. Here is the link: https://ladyleeshome.com/diy-grow-light-stand/
      But again, if you are only starting a few plants and you have a good window it can work.

  6. Was hoping to have more guidance as to which seeds were better suited for the long and short toilet rolls I have corn, beans and peas for the tall open and lettuce for the short open. I am completely new to growing.

    1. Generally, large seeds for the larger rolls and small seeds for the short rolls.
      So yes, corn, beans, peas, will be best in the tall rolls.
      Lettuce and other greens, beets, green onions, and so on will be better in the short rolls.

  7. Interesting! Toilet paper roll used for planting is such a brilliant idea. Thank you for sharing these tips and hacks. Hope to read more valuable tips from you.

    1. Just like when you plant seeds any other way. About an inch of water a week. For the first couple of weeks after planting you have to make sure that the soil stays moist until the seeds germinate and while the seedlings are small.

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