How to Can Milk – Raw or Store Bought

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In this post we will learn how to can milk. It can be raw milk or store-bought milk, cow’s milk or goat’s milk… They are all done the same. The process of canning milk is not complicated at all and I was pleasantly surprised to taste my milk months later and find it sweet and delicious. It’s a really great way to preserve milk!


I have this fascination with old ways of doing things… If it’s how to tan a deer hide or weaving a basket or preserving food, I always find myself wondering how people did things before modern amenities.

Often when milk from my Lamancha goats starts to pile up in the fridge I make cheese. I usually make feta or goat cheese or my favorite; this easy raw goat milk cheese…  But all those need refrigeration or to be frozen if I want to keep them for a while.

Lately, I’ve been wondering if there is a way for me to keep the milk at room temperature in its original form instead of processing it into cheese…

Can I can milk?

How to Can Milk at Home…

learn how to can milk. It can be raw milk or store-bought milk, cow's milk or goat's milk... They are all done the same. The process of canning milk is not complicated at all and I was pleasantly surprised to taste my milk months later and find it sweet and delicious. It's a really great way to preserve milk!

I did some research and I found that indeed I can can my milk!

I had to give it a try…

Is it Safe to Can Milk…

Well, you’ll have to do the research and decide for yourself.

After spending some time researching I found out two things…

  1. Most modern research says that canning milk at home is not safe…
  2. People have been doing this for generations…

It’s kind of like drinking raw milk, the debate is heated and opinions are very different.

I personally side with grandma most of the time with all due respect to modern research. I drink raw milk and I also decided to try and can it.

It’s a personal decision and, again, you’ll have to research and decide for yourself if you want to do it or not.

Feel free to voice your opinion in the comments below or share your experience, just please keep it respectful.

I will say that though… Milk is a low-acid food. From my research, I found that there are communities around the world that can milk (and can meat) in a water bath canner. Some of them are very close to us like the Amish, for example.

However, to kill bacteria they must keep a steady temperature for 3 hours or so.

It’s very labor-intensive in my opinion and still, the risk for Botulism (a bacteria that can grow in air-tight containers but is killed by high temperatures) is real, so I decided to use my pressure canner to can my milk.

I recommend you use your pressure canner but I did want you to know that there is a way to can milk in a water bath.

Why Would You Want to Can Milk?

There are many reasons… In my case, I just had more milk from my goat than we could drink.

I already had enough cheese in the freezer and I work so hard to keep my goats alive (goats are not for sissies! Not where I live at least, they are the most desirable playground for worms around these humid parts…) that their milk is even more valuable to me.

I raise LaMancha goats. They go into heat in the fall and birth in the spring. So between October and somewhere around April I don’t have fresh milk from them.

I wanted to try to can as much milk as I can to use during those months.

I also thought that it would be great to learn how to can milk so I am not dependent on electricity to preserve it as I would be if I froze it.

If you live off the grid, keeping food without electricity is something you are familiar with.

But even if you are on the grid, it’s still nice to save some energy, or save room in the freezer for other things, or not needing to worry about food spoiling if the electricity goes out (for example, if you live in areas with many storms and power outages).

Another reason to can milk is if you don’t want to need to go to the grocery store often. Some of us live far in the country or are a single person and often a gallon of milk spoils before we can use it all. So canning is a great option.

Another great reason is canning for travel…

If you are packing for a camping trip, going to spend the weekend at the lake, or going on a road trip across the country, canned milk is a great ingredient to pack.

Tools That We Are Going to Need…

Before we start with the tutorial, let’s gather all the kitchen tools that we are going to need…

Jars – I think that the best size of jars for canning milk are the quart jars but you can follow the same tutorial with any size of jar that you choose to use.

Lids and bands – you can reuse bands but make sure to use new lids so we know that the seal is in great condition.

Canning utensils – we’ll use most of them.

Ladle – to help us fill the jars.

Pressure canner – I use my Presto pressure canner. The All-American canner is also popular.

That’s all we need. Let’s learn how to can milk…

How to Can Milk, Step-by-Step…

Jars of cold milk from the fridge.

We start by taking the milk out of the fridge to warm up a little bit.

Don’t can older milk, the fresher the better. This is my supply from five milking (two and a half days) from one goat.

My kids were with their dad over the weekend and I just drink a tiny bit of milk with my morning coffee so the jars just piled up in the fridge.

Preparing the Jars and Canner…

Washing the canning jars.

While the milk is warming up a bit, wash your jars in warm water and check that there are no cracks or chips around the rim. Let them dry for a few minutes.

Sanitizing the jars in the oven.

Next, it’s time to sanitize your jars. You can do this by placing them in a water bath and boiling them for 10 minutes or so, placing them in the dishwasher, or using the oven.

I like the oven method. I place my jars on a baking sheet and heat the oven to 320F. Once the oven is hot I place the jars in there for 10-15 minutes.

Removing the jars from the oven.

After 10-15 minutes, remove the jars from the oven and use the jar lifter to remove them from the baking sheet. Place them on a towel and let them cool down.

We want the jars and the milk at a similar temperature so the jars don’t break.

Sanitizing the lids and rings.

Place your lids and rings in a pot of water, bring to a boil and hold that boil for 5 minutes or so.

You can reuse rings but make sure you use new lids each time so that you know for sure that the seal is good.

Adding water to the pressure canner.

Let’s also fill the pressure canner with some water. I have a Presto pressure canner that I love! You will have to follow your canner’s instructions but if to be honest, I could not find any instructions in the manual on canning milk so I went with 2.5” of water.

I also left the tray in there.

Filling the Jars With Milk…

Filling the jars with milk.

Once the jars cooled a bit and the milk warmed a bit and the difference in their temperature is not too great, I fill the sanitized jars with milk.

Leaving 1/2'' headspace.

Make sure to leave 1/2’’ headspace.

Make sure you do not touch the rim or the inside of the jar with your fingers! I used a canning funnel to make sure the milk goes in the jar and not all over the place.

Cleaning the rim of the jar with a paper towel.

Use a paper towel to clean the rim of the jar, again, DO NOT touch it with your fingers!

Covering the jar with a lid.

Use the magnetic lid lifter to lift the lid from the pot of hot water and place it on your lid. Do not touch the bottom of the lid with your fingers.

Jars are ready for processing.

Now, use the ring to close the jar (not too tight, finger tight), and we are ready for processing!

Processing the Milk in the Pressure Canner…

Placing the jars in the canner.

Use the jar lifters to lift the jars and place them inside the pressure canner.

Covering the canner and turning the heat on.

Close the canner and turn the heat to high.

Watching for steam to come out of the vent.

Now we are watching the little nozzle for steam. It took my canner 18 minutes to reach the point where I can see steam coming out from the nozzle.

Once the canner starts to steam let it exhaust steam for 10 minutes before placing the gauge on the nozzle.

Placing the weight on the vent.

Before placing the gauge on the nozzle.

Now watch your pressure gauge, once it showed you 11 psi (it will take some time…), turn the heat off immediately and let the canner cool completely (this may take an hour or two).

Adjustment For Higher Elevations…

Pressure canner altitude adjustment table.

I’ve never canned milk in higher elevations but I assume that you’ll have to adjust according to the table above.

So, for example, if you live at 4500ft in elevation instead of turning the heat off when the canner reaches 11psi you’ll have to wait until it reaches 15 psi or 13psi depending on what kind of canning you are using.

Removing the Canned Milk From the Canner…

Removing the jars from the canner.

Wait until the dial shows 0 pressure and then remove the weight If steam doesn’t come out anymore, it is safe to open the canner. Please be careful when you remove the weight.

Place a towel on the counter and use your jar lifters to remove the jars from the canner and place them on the towel. Now let the jars rest and cool completely for 24 hours.

We are done!

How to Store Canned Milk…

Storing canned milk - how to can milk.

After the milk has cooled completely store it in a dark and cool place like in the pantry or a kitchen cabinet for example.

You will see the cream separating from the milk and that is normal and completely fine. The milk also turns a bit of a yellowish color.

It should store for a year or so but I plan to just use it over the winter until my goats freshen again in the spring.

It seems like everyone agrees that you can use it for cooking but not everyone agrees with drinking it. Many do though. If you do use it for drinking I think it tastes better if chilled.

Once you open a jar you do have to make sure to store it in the fridge and use it within a couple of days.


If you’d like to read more about canning milk, my friend Heather from The Homesteading Hippy shares her experience in her post Home Canning Milk via Pressure Canner.

If you give this a try come back and let me know how it went, or share your opinions or experience in the comments below.

If you liked this tutorial, you might like these as well…

How to make Goat Milk Soap

Homemade Crock-Pot Yogurt

Homemade Soft Cheese Recipe

How to Can Milk

How to Can Milk

Yield: 3 quarts
Prep Time: 10 minutes
Cook Time: 25 minutes
Total Time: 35 minutes

How to can milk at how step by step.

Ingredients

  • Milk

Instructions

  1. If your milk was in the fridge, take it out and place it on the counter. We want the milk to warm up a bit.
  2. Meanwhile, wash your jars (I use 3-quart jars) with warm water and soap. Place them on a baking sheet.
  3. Heat your oven to 320F. Place the jars in the oven for 15 minutes to sanitize them.
  4. Also, place your bands and rings in a small pot, cover them with water, set on the stovetop and bring to a boil. Let the water boil for 5 minutes to sanitize the bands and lids.
  5. Take the jars out and turn the oven off. From this point on, do not touch the rim of the jars with your fingers (use the jar lifters if you need to move the jars).
  6. Place the jars on a cutting board or a kitchen towel and let them cool for a few minutes.
  7. Meanwhile, set your pressure canner on the stovetop and add 3 quarts of water to your canner (or follow manufacture directions). This is about 2.5'' of water (I use a Presto dial gauge canner).
  8. Use the canning funnel and a ladle to fill the jars with milk. Make sure to leave about 1/2'' headspace.
  9. Clean the rim of the jars with a clean paper towel, center the lids, and close the jars with the bands, fingertight.
  10. Place all of your jars on the rack in the pressure canner.
  11. Close the canner and turn the heat to high (do not place the weight on the vent yet).
  12. watch the vent. When steam starts to come out, set your timer to 10 minutes. Let the canner steam for 10 minutes.
  13. After 10 minutes, place your weight on the vent and watch the dial. When the canner reached 11psi, turn the heat off and let the canner cool completely (please see notes for pressure adjustments).
  14. Once the dial shows 0 pressure (it might take the canner a couple of hours to completely cool), open the canner.
  15. Let the jars rest in the open canner for a few minutes before removing them.
  16. Set your jars on a kitchen towel and let them cool completely (I usually leave them overnight).
  17. Check that your jars have sealed. Remove the bands, wipe the jars, and store in the pantry.

Notes

If you live in an altitude higher than 1000ft, you will need to change the pressure. Please check the table in the post for more altitude adjustment information.

You might notice that the cream separates from the milk in the jar. This is normal.

You might also notice that your milk get a yellowish color to it. This is also normal.

I use quart jars but you can follow the same process with any size of jars.

I try to use my canned milk within a. year.

Nutrition Information:
Yield: 1 Serving Size: 1 quart
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 125Total Fat: 5gSaturated Fat: 3gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 2gCholesterol: 20mgSodium: 127mgCarbohydrates: 12gFiber: 0gSugar: 0gProtein: 9g

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101 thoughts on “How to Can Milk – Raw or Store Bought”

  1. I do not see the length of time you leave the canner “at pressure”. Everything else I have ever canned has like 75 to 90 minutes at pressure – why would milk be different as far as being safe to eat after just letting canner come to pressure and then shutting it off? Does it not need to stay at pressure to kill the bad bugs?

    1. No, it doesn’t need to stay at pressure. You just let the canner reach 11psi and turn the heat off. Basically, we are making evaporated milk, just like the one you can buy at the store in a can.

    1. The milk might get a little yellow, if the jars are sealed, it should be fine. I use it mainly in baking/cooking or for my morning coffee.

  2. Hi..we drink our canned milk, and it stays white. Tastes like store bought just colder being in glass..
    We use cold milk into cold jars place in PC bring pressure up let vent 10 add jiggler as soon as it jiggles we turn off heat and move the pc to another burner and let depressurize.

    1. Nice! Someone else just commented a few days ago that she also starts with cold milk and cold water in the PC. I might give it a try. Will be easier than waiting for everything to heat up. Thanks!

  3. Good to read your article on canning milk. I have been doing it for awhile now, but I use cold milk, cold jars, cold water in canner… I now have a Presto digital electric pressure canner and skip the jar warming cycle and start heating by holding the start button for 5 seconds, right after I fill it (cold everything) I let it vent the 10 mins, when it’s time to close the valve I do, I let the pressure build to lock the lid, then turn it off (by holding the X) let it cool, and voila.
    Oh, and I’m still alive!

    1. I’ve never used an electric pressure canner before! Definitely curious.
      I guess when it comes to canning, the most important thing is that everything is at the same temperature when you start. If everything heats together you should be good. But, the problems start when you place a cold jar of milk into a bath of boiling water.
      Sounds like you find a way to do it that works!

  4. Please know that many lid producers now recommend NOT heating them to a boiling temp before use as changes in the seal ingredients may result in seal failures. Look on the box for recommendations.

  5. Hi. I just came across this and I cannot wait to try it. Question though, what about lactose free milk? I wonder if that makes a difference. Thank you for the inspiration.

    1. Honestly, I have no experience with lactose-free milk. I use my raw goat milk and store-bought cow’s milk. I am not sure if it’s safe to can lactose free milk, you’d have to do a little bit more research. Sorry I can’t be of more help!

  6. Charlene D Thompson

    I’m confused, at one part you say to pressure cook it for 25 minutes and then this other part it says once it hits 11 psi that you turn it off and let it cool down??? Which is it?

    1. I don’t see anywhere that it says 25 minutes…
      Fill the canner with warm water
      Add the jars, close the canner
      Turn heat to high, wait for the canner to start steaming
      Let the steam escape from the vent for 10 minutes, place the weight on the vent
      Watch the dial, once it gets to 11psi turn the heat off and let the canner cool slowely.

  7. I am so glad to find this! I can almost weekly everything! I had canned milk, but when opening one jar, it was bad. You could smell it. I was going to dump the rest because I read you weren’t supposed to can milk. I opened another jar and it smelled like store bought canned milk. I am more encouraged now. I had pressure canned mine. I am now assuming maybe the seal was bad on the one jar. Thank you ?

    1. Sometimes, I can a whole batch of something and place it on the shelf. Months later, I will notice that one of the jars of that batch is not doing great and there is mold inside of it or something like that while the rest of the jars are great (happened to me lately with tomato sauce). I also think that it’s usually the lid/seal. Even though it looks as if it’s sealed, it’s not, and air gets in and messes up the food. It’s fine, I just throw that jar away and keep using the rest.

  8. Thank you for this on how to can milk. This is the 10th of Sept. I was given two gallons of milk. They expire the 12th. Is it to old yo can?

  9. Good morning.
    Thank you for your recipe on canning milk.

    I have a hint for you from my friend that was raised on a farm and canned all her life. She was also a nurse, rose the the rank of Commander 2x in WW2 and was on the Solace at Pearl when it was bombed. (her only comment about it was “I never finished my breakfast that morning”).

    She used to wash her jars well (no dishwasher until I gave her one), put a tad of water in them, then lay on their sides in a 325 degree oven to sterilize for about 20-30 minutes. I still use this trick.

    1. Yes, I also sterilize in the oven sometimes. Much easier than boiling all that water.
      Thanks for sharing. Sounds like a really interesting friend you have! The kind that I would like to meet for coffee so I can hear all the stories!

  10. Hi. I’ve been canning forever and I find this method a bit scary. Please pressure can your milk @10 lbs pressure for 20 minutes for pints and 25 for quarts. Just bringing it up to pressure and turning it off is not correct pressure canning. Happy safe canning everyone 🙂

  11. I really like the way you spoke each detail about canning milk. I’ve thought about this for the past couple weeks. Question, what do you do about the separation?

    1. You mean after the milk cools down and the cream separates from the milk?
      When I am ready to use the milk, I open the jar and add everything to a small pot. I heat the milk just a bit, the cream melts and I can mix it back into the milk. It works well.

      1. Speaking of warming the milk after opening, does anyone have experience with making cheese or yogurt with their home canned milk? How does it turn out?

  12. I’ve always figured we could can milk but didn’t see the value in it so much. But a few cans would be great to have “just in case” some kind of catastrophe comes up. I don’t hv cows or goats or know of anyone who does. So what about canning homogenized milk straight out of the grocery store?

  13. What do you do with the kids that are born? I assume you can’t use all the male goats. You only need a couple to take care of the ladies. Do you sell them, use them for meat? Just curious.

    1. I actually don’t have any male goats on my farm. They are a pain in the butt! I only have two female goats. They are both large goats, pure LaMancha goats which is a milk goat. I can get one quart of milk from each goat per milking. If I milk both of them twice a day that’s a gallon of milk a day. I can’t and don’t want to have to deal with one gallon of milk a day so I only milk them once.
      I take my goats to my friend in the fall for a couple of weeks to be bread by her male. Then I bring them back home. In the spring, they give birth and a couple of months later, I sell the kids.

  14. Hazelnut from Jacksonville, FL

    3/31/21 Thank you so much for all the milk info, I read through the entire milk canning blog. I am going to test processing one pint of store bought whole milk as is, one pint milk with some water added so it’s less like evaporated milk, and a few pints of just filtered water at the same time to fill the pressure canner (just got one) so the heating and cooling will be similar before doing gallons of milk for pantry storage. My reasons for canning milk are; I am over age 65 and going to the store to find fresh food items is an adventure. Due to Covid, and now maybe a virus hybrid, I feel unsafe, my brother and I fit the high risk group. I order some pantry items online when I get free shipping and it’s “In Stock” (which means bulk shopping.) We rarely eat any raw veggies or fruit anymore, I’m cooking them until it’s fairly safe again.
    Another reason is availability, there seems to be shortages of fresh items, (don’t get me started on the missing TP, I went through the linen closet looking for anything I could re-purpose/toss just in case, no way any of that ends up in the washer, there is not enough bleach on the planet for that one-Thank you Clorox TV commercial.)
    Back to milk, I noticed that milk has increased in price every month. I live in a suburb, stores are pretty close, but I only shop once a month. So being able to can shelf stable milk instead of freezing will be a blessing. I’ve got to have milk in my coffee for it to be drinkable.

    I routinely make bread, yogurt, sour cream, & cottage cheese. I have always frozen my extra milk and usually it’s been fine, one container I opened recently had separated to the point that it looked like cheese curds. (not soured) I tried blending it-didn’t work, I was going to toss it when I thought to taste it, it really was like cottage cheese. So I drained the whey to save for bread making, and made a loaf pan size lasagna with the now tiny curds, it was pretty darn good.

    I have been doing “Re canning” lately. Buying high acid foods at the big warehouse S store and hot packing it into pints for water bath canning. So far, two kinds of BBQ sauce, picante sauce, salsa, ketchup, & pasta sauce. (Good savings too) This year I tried my hand at boiled apple cider syrup, turned out great, we like it on oatmeal, quinoa, and in baked goods like apple pies. Last year I made several fridge style pickles, relishes, and jams, but now I want to can a small batch for the pantry to last the entire year so I’m hoping to find good fresh pickle cukes and dill.

    My point to all you canners who may have strange milk after canning, open one smell it first, if not sour then taste it before you toss it, it may be cottage cheese, or bread making worthy. If it seems like cheese curds, make lasagna, cheesecake, or quiche, both ricotta and cottage cheese make the most tender pancakes. Most cake recipes love milk products, but not all muffin recipes do. (hmmmm-Would this be milk recycling? 😉 Happy canning ya’ll!

    And if you happen to hear any loud wailing/crying from Florida, it’s me. My hurricane TP stash is out and I’m cutting up the soft sheet. Curse you, big outhouse S–, I mean big warehouse S, you knew over a year ago, how could you be out of stock for months? And no, I wasn’t buying the pallet of scratchy stuff you normally sell to schools. I’m not stupid, just old, & cranky, and a bit tender below the equator, I can’t help that my southern belle has to tinkle more often. Hope I manage to hold it in while I shuffle across your HUGE warehouse. Got any milk?

  15. Thanks for sharing. When I take jars out of the canner I use a dish drainer mat instead of a towel. It all works the same

    1. Tep. Same thing. It’s just because the counter can sometimes be very cold and the jars are hot. As long as you are using something to soften the temperature difference you should be fine. Even a wooden cutting board works.

  16. Hi Lee. Last week I canned raw cows milk using this method. I had 18 pints of milk, and every single one of them after processing were congealed (clabbered). Is this normal? What did I do wrong?

    There was a lot of cream on top of milk before processing. Did it just turn to butter while processing?

    Thanks

    1. Did you rush any part of the process? Like, did you open the canner too soon or something like that?
      This happens when temperature change is too rapid.
      On my YouTube channel, there is a video that shows exactly how I do this.

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